This article will be one of the few to come in the near future. I’m in the process of switching my VPS servers from various VPS providers to dedicate box I’ve leased at Hetzner.
Up until now I’ve mostly used CentOS on my server systems but it is time to switch to FreeBSD now, various reasons but that’s a topic for another article.
I figured out how to better start “mini series” than with basics, that is, with network configuration. Since I strongly believe we need to move to IPv6 at some point I always take additional time to configure all of my services to be available on IPv6 network. So without further ado, this is how to configure IPv6 on your FreeBSD box at Hetzner.
First step is to find out network details assigned to your server. You can do that via Hetzner Robot panel. Information should be available in “Main functions” > “Servers” > YOURSERVER > “IPs”. Just hover your mouse over IPv6 address that’s assigned to your server, like:
From there you can see your IPv6 address, netmask, prefix length, and default gateway. To configure address on your server add following to your
# IPv6 configuration ipv6_defaultrouter="fe80::1%em0" ipv6_activate_all_interfaces="YES" ifconfig_em0_ipv6="inet6 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::1 prefixlen 64"
Additional IPv6 addresses to the same NIC are added with:
ifconfig_em0_alias0_ipv6="inet6 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::2 prefixlen 64" ifconfig_em0_alias1_ipv6="inet6 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::3 prefixlen 64"
You get the point. You should of course change em0 with name of your network interface name you have listed in
ifconfig -a output. Realtek cards are generally called “re#”.
After you have changed your
/etc/rc.conf you need to restart network and routing with:
service netif restart && service routing restart
You should now have IPv6 configured on your server. To verify everything is working as expected try to ping some of the configured IPv6 addresses from your other IPv6 capable host:
# ping6 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5 PING 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5(2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5) 56 data bytes 64 bytes from 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5: icmp_seq=1 ttl=58 time=0.638 ms 64 bytes from 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5: icmp_seq=2 ttl=58 time=0.973 ms 64 bytes from 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5: icmp_seq=3 ttl=58 time=0.590 ms 64 bytes from 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5: icmp_seq=4 ttl=58 time=0.585 ms ^C --- 2a01:4f8:140:54c7::5 ping statistics --- 4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 3002ms rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.585/0.696/0.973/0.163 ms